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Yesterday we looked at nouns and adjectives. We know that a noun is a person, place, or thing. Today we are going to focus on noun phrases, but what it a noun phrase?



Have a look at these sentences, the noun phrase has been underlined.




Have a go at underlining or highlighting the noun phrases in these sentences.


  1. A butterfly landed on a flower.
  2. The bus splashed through the puddle.
  3. The dog barked at the postman.
  4. The cat climbed the oak tree.
  5. The girl’s parents were pleased with her report.


Noun phrase can be quite short

Quite often in our writing we need to add more details so that our readers know exactly what we are writing about.

               a purple pen                          a young girl


When we add more details to our noun phrases they become expanded noun phrases.


One of the easiest ways to expand a noun phrase is to add an adjective before the noun:

               a young man                     the blue butterfly

To expand the noun phrase further, we can add another adjective:

       a young, handsome man                 the beautiful, blue butterfly

We separate the adjectives with a comma.


Have a look at the four pictures below. Can you create an expanded noun phrase for each one? Think of the adjectives (describing words) that you can use to describe the noun (person, place or thing).