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Geography can be split into two, to help make it easier to learn. We call these two types of geography "physical geography" and "human geography".


What's the difference? Physical geography looks at natural forces that impact the Earth, things that would be there even had humans never learned how to rub two sticks together.


Human geography is the impact of us on the planet; anything that people do and shows on the world.


For example, let's look at this image;

This is the Great Wall of China, in...well, China. What physical features can we see - things that would be there without humans? The mountains are a good example - they were there before us, we didn't make them, they'll be around for a long time after us. The forest too is a natural feature - although be careful, if humans planted a forest, then it's a human feature! The wall itself is a human feature - nature didn't make that, it took thousands of human hands. If you look to the left of the picture it looks like there is a quarry where people cut stones out of the ground. If humans hadn't have done that, that quarry wouldn't exist - so it's a human feature.


Here's your task. Have a look out of your nearest window. How many human features can you spot? How many physical features can you see? Write them down - if this is too easy for you, have a look at a satellite map of Bacup here:,-2.2035588,3718m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!3m4!1s0x487b95fc18de7415:0x6e2cc90f2174fc5a!8m2!3d53.707167!4d-2.201259?hl=en-GB


Can you spot any more features on the map?